Is microdermabrasion safe?
Microdermabrasion is the only non-surgical resurfacing treatment considered to be safe for dark and black skin because it’s mild exfoliating treatment. Microdermabrasion is appropriate for all skin colors including dark brown and black. This treatment sandblasts only the outermost skin layer made of dead cells. It causes no damage to live tissue and doesn’t cause any scarring or severe irritation of dark skin. The exfoliation process of microdermabrasion help the cells renew quicker and more effectively.
All skin types, be it African-American, European, Asian or Caucasian have the same structure and consist of the three main layers: epidermis, dermis and fatty layer. Epidermis is the first one and outermost layer, dermis is the middle one structural layer, fatty layer is the innermost one. Pigmented cells called melanocytes are situated at the base of epidermis. These cells produce skin pigmentation. People with the dark skin have more melanocyts with high pigment production that provides natural sun damage protection. A sun tan and age spots are the result of the sun damage and don’t provide the same protection as the dark skin.
Black skin is often more sensitive than white because it has more melanin. Brown skin is darker than Caucasian because of the greater amount of melanocytes, and therefore it reacts more violently to stress. As a result of this black skin may suffer irritations, breakouts and permanent discolorations when exposed to mechanical and chemical factors, UV rays and pollution.
When you are taking professional microdermabrasion treatment, specialists who perform microdermabrasion on dark or black skinned person can reduce the speed of abrading in order to minimize the risk of injury.
Black skinned patients often may need longer time to recovery from the exfoliation, so they need about three weeks for recovery between microdermabrasion procedures.
At-home microdermabrasion is milder than professional procedure so it’s more safe for dark skin. When using a personal microdermabrasion kit, always do a patch test first and don’t overdo the massage to avoid injuring.
Before and after care for microdermabrasion treatment are similar for both black and white skin.